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The Castle

What happened to the castle of Frederick? With the exception of a bare window, the portal of the drawbridge, the cylindrical back tower and some crenels, no artistic element refers to the thirteenth century, so looking at today’s appearance, it is not clear which role Fredrick II played in the fortification of the castle. The workers of Mormanno It’s certain that the stately manor of the Calabrian town was built by the Swabian emperor and that the first settlements around it were the homes of the workers employed in its construction, specialized mastery coming mainly from Mormanno, as evidenced by the Frederician Statute. The fortress on the Appia-Traiana Road The military importance of the place, at the time, was due to the fact that the only means of communication between Apulia and Calabria, on the Ionian side, was the Roman Appia-Traiana road that passed through here. For this reason Fredrick II, who had great strategic knowledge, wanted to erect a castle that served not only as a defensive fortress, but also to give asylum to the Court in the transfers and during hunting games. The matryoshka castle The solution to the mystery is in the analysis of the works of restoration desired by Alfonso of Aragon who not only strengthened the fortress, but also enlarged and renewed it in order to cover the old Swabian monument, perhaps smaller and with a square central tower. The stone ship Today the polygonal tower looks like a huge stone ship, the bow facing south and the gray sides protected by symmetrical towers: the Arab – Sicilian pensile arches of the south-eastern tower and Guelph battlements are Aragonese, but the apartments are of the eighteenth century. In the walls, erected towards the end of the ‘500, the narrow and inflexible crenels and the bows open. Dungeons and secret tunnels in the best castle tradition There is no shortage of stables, cellars, interconnecting corridors and ventilation stairwells in the towers; several galleries were buried and it is said that there was a now untraceable one, the secret exit to the outside. The torture chamber Just past the drawbridge, under the Frederick’s portal, stamping the foot on the stone slab floor makes you feel a “strange thunder”: below is the room of torture and executions. That night in July 1644 Numerous precautions taken to make the building impregnable, through the ensuring logistic supplies with the locals for storage of oil and wheat, five settling tanks of water and a large window overlooking the rugged coast to the West, from which the attacked could spill water and boiling oil on the attackers. Those who were able to overcome the drawbridge would find a way up and a bottleneck that would restrict the front of attack to a few men. From 1300 the fort was subject to continuous raids and a night in July 1644 it bore the siege of 4,000 pirates. The last lord After much resistance and several enlargements, the last lord of the manor also got rid of the furniture and furnishings and around 1835 sold even the roofs and windows.   www.fioreonline.it www.wikipedia.it

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The History

Originally the kilns Workers engaged in the construction of the Swabian castle formed the first settlement of Rocca Imperiale. They, then, began to distinguish the place with the dialect name “Ri-carcari” or “Li-carcari” for the presence of kilns – in dialect “carcari” – in which they prepared the lime and bricks before starting to build the fortress. The rock of Rocca At the completion of the castle, the first name was soon forgotten and replaced with the current name: rocca, like rock or cliff, or fortified place, fortification built on a high place. Pre-Frederician hypothesis The village, formed by workers and a few families that settled here for guaranteed safety, after more than a decade was still insignificant, and that’s why Frederick II decided to send there a colony in 1239. The historical sources speak of a real foundation ​​by the emperor, although many scholars trace the origin of the village many years before.

A city under siege In medieval times Rocca Imperiale had the functions of military garrison of the plain and the south-western mountain passes. With the Anjou, the village was besieged by Charles II in 1296 and in the following centuries it was a fief of Oriolo, the principes of Salerno, the Carafa, the Raimondi and the Crivelli. Rocca Imperiale in 1644 came under the attack of the Turks who burned it, but did not get the dominion over the territory.

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Accommodation & Restaurants

ACCOMMODATION Hotel Imperiale (a 4 km),Nova Siri Scalo (Mt), tel. 0835.536505 Hotel Siris (a 4 km), Nova Siri Scalo (Mt) Tel. 0835.536161 CAMPING Villaggio “Pace”,tel. 0981.933509 Camping Caravan Marchet,contrada S. Venere, tel. 0981.933550 Camping Lido Scoglio Cervaro con bar e discoteca (solo periodo estivo) contrada S. Venere, tel.0981.933139 FARM HOLIDAYS Azienda Agrituristica di Acinapura Domenico (con posti letto), contrada S.Venere, tel.0981-933607 Azienda Agritur. “Mazzei”, contrada S. Venere, tel. 0981.933772 Agriturismo “Letalisie” (con posti letto e cucina tipica),- prossima apertura – contrada Cefalara, tel. 0981.933749 Azienda Agrituristica “Acinapura”, contrada S. Venere Azienda Agrituristica “Chiarella”,contrada Le Murge di S. Caterina, tel. 0981.936096 RESTAURANTS, PIZZERIE, BAR Lido “La Baia” (bar, ristorazione, pizzeria, balera), lungomare Lido “Pagoda” (bar, ristorazione, pizzeria, balera), lungomare Ristorante “I Vecchi Amici”, c.da Tavolaro, tel. 0981.933195 Ristorante “Due Scogli”, S.S. 106, tel. 0981.935365 Ristorante “Pizza e Sfizi”, ex 106, tel. 338.6329704 Pizzeria La Luna Rossa c.da Tavolaro, 7 Tel. 0981.933679 www.pizzerialalunarossa.it Sala Ricevimenti “Parsifal”, c.da Tavolaro, tel. 0981.933003 Villhour (ristorante,pizzeria, disco-pub, enoteca),contrada Monte Milone, tel. 0981.933223 Tropical (bar, gelateria, rosticceria), via Lido Coccodrillo (pub, gelateria, birreria),via mare, tel. 347.7176466 Bar, Pizzeria, Rosticceria il Capriccio, Via Sandro Pertini Bar, tabacchi, lotto, telefono pubblico “Faraldi”,C.so Vitt. Emanule, Rocca Imp. centro, tel. 0981.936094 Bar della Stazione, tabacchi e lotto,via Taranto, Rocca Imperiale Marina, tel. 0981.933211 Bar paninoteca, stuzzicheria, ristorante, via Ugo Foscolo Rocca Imperiale Marina Chiosco, ” L’insonia Caffe” Piazza Giovanni xxIII Rocca Imperiale marina

THE WONDERFUL CASTELS IN BASILICATA - PUGLIA - CALABRIA - SICILIA

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