The Castle

The Metropolia of Santa Severina and the Swabian donations But the bigger Swabian donation, for the archdiocese of Santa Severina regarded mainly the powerful monastery of Calabro Maria di Altilia, hamlet of Santa Severina In the ancient town of Metropolia of Santa Severina’s historical center, of the Marquisate of Crotone, it is possible to recognize some traces related to the period of the Swabian domination. Such as in the structure of the mammoth castle, where there are recognizable traces of Swabian architecture like the round and square tower and Islamic battlements. The major Swabian donations, regarding the Archdiocese of Santa Severina, are mainly the powerful monastery of Calabro Maria of Altilia, hamlet of Santa Severina.


The patronage of Frederick II Frederick II enjoyed the right of patronage on this monastery. “How Frederick enjoyed on the aforesaid monastery of Calabro Maria – Nicola Venusio wrote in 1774 – the right of patronage, not otherwise ought to be inferred, if not because Duke Ruggero, endowed him with a vast territory of the palace called Sila Sanduca, when in 1099 Polychronius bishop of Cerenzia had refurbished it. ” The monastery of Calabro Maria originally belonged to the Cistercian Order, but when the Ordo Florensis was born – the first true reform of the Cistercian Order – its monks asked to switch to the new religious Family and so they did. Thus began a long “querelle” (controversy) that will last until the drafting, at the Vatican, of the Bull dated August 31, 1211 by which Innocent III gave the monastery of Altilia to the Ordo Florensis (or Joachimites, from Joachim of Fiore). Such possession, after 9 years, was counted among the Joachimites’ possessions by a diploma drawn up by Frederick of Swabia himself. Perhaps the attack on the monastery by both the religious orders, as well as purely religious reasons, were also connected to the hidden treasures of the same monastery which became, in 1213, “vicaria sedes” of the Abbey of San Giovanni in Fiore. Already under Ruggero II, in fact, many were the possessions of the monastery of Altilia that, in addition to a number of landholdings, also received the possession of the Salina existing in Cerenzia, at the confluence of the Lese and Neto rivers. For his part, Frederick added the permission to the monks of Calabro Maria to graze freely and free of charge in the whole of Calabria, in sea areas and in the mountains. Sorce: /